Lord Mayor of London
A new Lord Mayor, now known as 'The Lord Mayor of the City of London', is elected every year by Liverymen, people who belong to the old medieval trading companies of the City. These Livery Companies were originally developed as Guilds, associations responsible for the regulation of their trades by controlling wages, labour conditions and aspect of law.
This continues today, with the Lord Mayor being responsible for the City's governmental, civic and, as the chief magistrate of the City, judicial functions with its own court of law. Although not used anymore for prisoners, the palace had holding cells including one for women, nicknamed ‘the birdcage’, where suffragette women's rights campaigner Emmeline Pankhurst was once kept.