Tate Modern is Britain's National Gallery of international modern and contemporary art, works from the beginning of the 20th century.
Housed in what had been an enormous disused Power Station it opened to the public in the year 2000 and has become one of the most visited and most famous Art Galleries in the world.
It took great imagination and creativity to design a building which has quickly become a much loved landmark on the The Queen’s Walk, Southbank.
The Tate Modern building stands on a large concrete raft, where underneath there is a Time Capsule holding the project’s plans, drawings by schoolchildren and a piece of Swiss mountain crystal given by the architects.
Tate Modern is one of four Tate Galleries originally named after Sir Henry Tate, the sugar magnate. The Modern collection, which is displayed on levels 3 and 5 of the gallery, is not arranged chronologically but shows works of different periods together so that the visitor can see how artists influence each other through time.
The Turbine Hall is the most challenging and exciting place for artists to display their work as it is over 150 metres long and 35 metres high. The first exhibit there was a giant spider made from steel and marble by Louise Bourgeoise, the respected French American artist.
There have been many memorable free exhibitions there including the Weather project by Olaf Eliasson which enchanted visitors into lying on the floor looking up at a brilliant sun and their own reflections above.
Within the building there are beautiful views of the river and St Paul’s Cathedral across the Millennium Bridge. There is a café and bookshop on the ground floor and a restaurant with an outside terrace on the top floor.
The Building was designed in the 1940's by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, the architect of Battersea Power Station and designer of London's famous red Telephone Box.